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      NINGEEUGA OSHUITOQ   (NINGEOGAT; NINGEEYOUGOT; NINGIUNGAT; OSHWEETUK; 
                             NINGEOGA; NINEGEUGA; MINGEEUGA)
       Born:  September 3, 1918       Female       E7-933
       Place of Birth:  Amadjuak Camp
       Died:  1980
       Resided:  Cape Dorset; also lived in Shukbuk Camp
       Drawings, Prints, Sculpture
           Ningeeuga was the daughter of Anernik, who produced many prints for the   
       Dorset annual collections.  Born at Amadjuak Camp, the family moved closer to 
       Cape Dorset when the Hudson Bay post at Amadjuak had closed down.  In 1960,   
       Ningeeuga's ill health brought her family to Cape Dorset, and by 1961         
       tuberculosis had sent her to Hamilton for treatment.  She stayed in the South 
       for three years, but did not begin to draw until returning home to Cape       
       Dorset.                                                                       
                                                                                     
           "Ningeeuga draws inspiration for the subject matter of her images from her
       imagination and from her experience living on the land in the traditional     
       Inuit culture. She developed a distinctive personal style with strong         
       curvilinear forms in her representations of Inuit women, children, birds, and 
       imaginary creatures, and the design elements often take priority over         
       representational accuracy. Rubber-legged children and dogs romp happily across
       her pages, and she often embellishes her simple line drawings with lines,     
       balls, and circles enhancing their interest and design qualities."*           
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                  *Marion E. Jackson                                 
                                   In "North American Women Artists                  
                                   of the Twentieth Century: A Biographical          
                                   Dictionary" 1995.                                 

       EXHIBITIONS:
       1966, 1967, 1968, 1973, 1974,           Cape Dorset Graphics
       1977, 1978, 1979, 1980                       (annual collection)                               
                                                                        (illustrated catalogue)
       1967                                   Inoonoot Eskima: Grafik och Skulptur fran
                                                   Cape Dorset och Povungnituk                       
                                                   Konstframjandet                                   
                                                   Stockholm, Sweden
                                                   (catalogue)
       May - June 1969               Eskimo Sculpture '69
                                                   Robertson Galleries                               
                                                   Ottawa, Ontario
                                                   (illustrated catalogue)
       1970                                   Graphic Art by Eskimos of Canada:
                                                   Second Collection                                 
                                                   Cultural Affairs Division, Department             
                                                   of External Affairs, Canada                       
                                                   Ottawa, Ontario
                                                   (tour)
                                                   (illustrated catalogue)
       January - February 1971  The Art of the Eskimo
                                                   Simon Fraser Gallery,                             
                                                   Simon Fraser University                           
                                                   Burnaby, British Columbia
                                                   (catalogue)
       September - Oct 1971      Eskimo Carvings and Prints from the
                                                   Collection of York University                     
                                                   Art Gallery of York University                    
                                                   Downsview, Ontario
                                                   (illustrated catalogue)
       1977                                   The Contemporary Eskimo Prints and Sculpture
                                                   Amon Carter Museum of Western Art                 
                                                   Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.A.
                                                   (illustrated catalogue)
       Jan 1977 - June 1982      The Inuit Print/L'estampe inuit
                                                   Department of Indian Affairs and                  
                                                   Northern Development and the                      
                                                   National Museum of Man                            
                                                   Ottawa, Ontario
                                                   (tour)
                                                   (illustrated catalogue)
       September - Oct 1977      The Eskimo Woman: her life and dreams
                                                    in prints and sculpture                           
                                                    The Arctic Circle                                 
                                                    Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

       February - March 1978    Canadian Eskimo Art - Prints, Sculpture
                                                   Carlin Galleries                                  
                                                   Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.A.
       October - Nov 1978          Eskimo Art
                                                   Embankment Gallery                                
                                                   London, England
                                                   (illustrated catalogue)
       January - August 1979     Mixed Media Eskimo Drawings
                                                   Inuk 1                                            
                                                   San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
       May - August 1979           21 X 12 (Eskimo Drawing Exhibition)
                                                   Inuk 1 Gallery                                    
                                                   San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
       February - March 1983    Return of the Birds
                                                   Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                        
                                                   Vancouver, British Columbia
                                                   (illustrated catalogue)
       May - June 1986               The Spirit of the Land
                                                   The Koffler Gallery                               
                                                   Toronto, Ontario
                                                   (illustrated brochure)
       November 1986                 Inuit Graphics Through the Year: Rare
                                                    Prints from the Arctic                            
                                                   Arctic Artistry                                   
                                                   Scarsdale, New York, U.S.A.
       May - June 1987                Inuit Graphics from the Past
                                                   Arctic Artistry                                   
                                                   Scarsdale, New York, U.S.A.
       November 1987                Inuit Traditions in Graphics: 1961-1987
                                                   Arctic Artistry                                   
                                                   Hartsdale, New York, U.S.A.
       March - April 1988            Works on Paper from the Permanent
                                                   Collection of Inuit Art                           
                                                   Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec                   
                                                   Montreal, Quebec
       April 1988                          Inuit Images in Transition
                                                   Augusta Savage Gallery,                           
                                                   University of Massachusetts                       
                                                   Amherst, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
                                                   (illustrated catalogue)
       August - October 1989     Inuit Graphic Art from Indian
                                                   & Northern Affairs Canada                         
                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                              
                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba
       June - September 1990   Inuit Graphics and Drawings from 1959-1990
                                                   Arctic Artistry                                   
                                                   Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, U.S.A.
       May 1991                           Inuit Music in Art: Singing and Dancing and
                                                   Playing                                           
                                                   Feheley Fine Arts                                 
                                                   Toronto, Ontario
       March - June 1993            Strange Scenes: Early Cape Dorset Drawings
                                                   McMichael Canadian Collection                     
                                                   Kleinberg, Ontario
       March - August 1994        Kunst aus der Arktis
                                                   Volkerkundmuseum der Universitat Zurich           
                                                   Zurich, Switzerland
                                                   (illustrated catalogue)
       May - June 1994               Cape Dorset Revisited - a collection
                                                   of previously unreleased prints, exhibited        
                                                   at selected commercial galleries, organized by    
                                                   West Baffin Eskimo Co-op                          
                                                   Cape Dorset, Northwest Territories
       May 1994 - July 1995       Cape Dorset Revisited
                                                   McMichael Canadian Art Collection                 
                                                   Kleinburg, Ontario
                                                   (illustrated catalogue)
       March - July 1995              Immaginario Inuit
                                                   Arte e cultura degli esquimesi canadesi           
                                                   Galleria d'Arte Moderna                           
                                                   e Contemporanea                                   
                                                   Verona, Italy
                                                   (illustrated catalogue)
       COLLECTIONS:
       Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.A.  
       Anchorage Museum of History and Art, Anchorage, Alaska, U.S.A.  
       Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia  
       Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario   
       Art Gallery of York University, Downsview, Ontario 
       Canada Council Art Bank, Ottawa, Ontario 
       Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec, Montreal, Quebec
       Canadian Museum of Civilization, Hull, Quebec 
       Klamer Family Collection, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario 
       McMaster University Art Gallery, Hamilton, Ontario  
       McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario 
       Museum of Anthropology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia  
       Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories 
       Simon Fraser Gallery, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia 
       Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 
       University of Lethbridge Art Gallery, Lethbridge, Alberta  
       Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Manitoba 

       SELECTED REFERENCES:
                                                         
           ARTS OF THE ESKIMO: PRINTS:  /Ed. by Ernst Roch. Texts by
           Patrick Furneaux and Leo Rosshandler.  Montreal: Signum Press in
           association with Oxford University Press, Toronto, 1974.


       Blodgett, Jean and Susan Gustavison               
           STRANGE SCENES:  EARLY CAPE DORSET DRAWINGS.  Kleinburg, Ont.:
           McMichael Canadian Collection, 1993.
       Goetz, Helga                                      
           THE CONTEMPORARY ESKIMO PRINTS AND SCULPTURE.  Fort Worth: Amon
           Carter Museum of Western Art, 1977.
       Gustavison, Susan J.                              
           ARCTIC EXPRESSIONS:  INUIT ART AND THE CANADIAN ESKIMO ARTS
           COUNCIL 1961 - 1989.  Kleinburg, Ont.:  McMichael Canadian Art
           Collection, 1994.
       Hassler, Gitta                                    
           KUNST AUS DER ARKTIS:  GRAPHIKEN DER INUIT IN KANADA.  Zurich:
           Volkerkundmuseum der Universitat Zurich, 1994.
       Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                        
           RETURN OF THE BIRDS.  Vancouver: Vancouver Art Gallery, 1983.
       National Museum of Man                            
           THE INUIT PRINT = L'ESTAMPE INUIT:  A Travelling Exhibition... =
           Une exposition itinerante...  Ottawa: National Museum of Man,
           National Museums of Canada, 1977.
       Verona.   Galleria d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea 
           IMMAGINARIO INUIT:  ARTE E CULTURA DEGLI ESQUIMESICANADESI.
           Commune di Verona:  Galleria d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di
           Palazzo Forti, 1995.

      (c) Inuit Art Section, INAC 1995